Islam urges its followers to understand and study the universe to know more about The Creator through His creation in order to worship Him sincerely up on conviction. Quran contains numerous evidences establishing its authenticity. One of these evidences is that Quran includes a lot of scientific facts established only recently, although it was revealed fourteen centuries ago to an unlettered messenger.
Human embryonic development is one of the scientific facts that the Quran mentioned, then the scientists discovered it only recently.
Allah says about this process:
We created man from an extract of clay. then we made him as a drop in the place of settlement, firmly fixed. then we made the drop into an alaqah (leech, suspended thing, and blood clot) then we made alaqah into mudgha (chewed substance)..” (Quran.com/23/12–14)
These verses make humans think of how someday we were nothing then, and in very accurate details it is explained for us how magnificent the creation of Allah is (i.e The One Creator of all) in every single stage, and how we were so ungrateful to be given the bless of knowing so and then ignoring all.
Quran also stated another fact, that there are barriers that allow two seas to meet, yet go side by side each maintaining its own temperature, density, and salinity. Allah says:
Mountains Allah also stated in Quran that mountains play an important role in stabilising the crust of the earth by hindering its shaking, Allah says:
And He has cast in the earth anchorages (i.e., mountains) so that it should not reel with you, and rivers and ways that possibly you would be guided,” (Quran.com/16/15)
Likewise, the modern theory of plate tectonics proves that mountains work as stabilisers for the earth.
The quran also stated that the astronomical objects, such as “stars, planets, moon ..etc” were all formed from clouds of dusts . Previously unknown, this fact has now become an undisputed principle of modern cosmology.
And there is more….
To conclude, this is a glimpse of many scientific facts mentioned in the Quran, Quran is not a science book, though no science contradicts the facts mentioned in Quran, Quran tackled a lot of facts in various fields such as oceans, human creation and geology in a detailed way, that no human knew fourteen centuries ago. In fact, Islam supports science not rejects it . Moreover, Islam urges its followers to learn and study in order to be closer to Allah, emphasising on seeking knowledge as a religious obligation on every Muslim. Allah says in Quran:
Say, [O Muhammad], “Travel through the land and observe how He began creation. Then Allah will produce the final creation. Indeed Allah, over all things, is competent.” (Quran.com/29/20)